Key Facts About Gender Equality That You Need to Know

David Kipre

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Strangely enough, all over the world and for billions of years, men have always considered women to be fragile beings that need to be protected, but this protection has turned into something else entirely. As evolution progressed, man’s role as protector and head of the family, whatever his race, was demoted to that of housewife or, in extreme cases, object. It was thus foreseen that this same evolution was going to give birth to what we can call the feminine revolt, the same one that generated the debate on the equality between man and woman. But let’s try to understand where this phenomenon comes from in order to have the adequate tools to debate about it.

Origins

For hundreds of years, even since the creation, there has always been a dominant and a dominated in the couple or between these two sexes in general. But let’s jump back in time to see where the struggle started.

Indeed, with the industrial revolution, we should have expected another revolution, of a different kind, because it is in 1848 that women, conscious of the weight they had in society, decided to change the realities too “HAS BEEN” and thus fight first for the right to vote. It is in the USA that the AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION, founded by LUCY STONE and her husband HENRY BROWNE BLACKWELL launches a campaign to make men understand that women are also in the place: this is how the fight begins. In a little more than a century no country refuses them the access to their right.

The context

Before entering into a debate in which you will certainly not have a favourable outcome for both parties, it will be necessary to know in which context we are when we speak about equality between men and women. Several criteria on the context can be taken into account, but here we will remain on the before and now. We all agree to say that we have two types of generations, the older ones who have as a principle to say that the woman cannot have the same rights as the man and the new one, who, having more knowledge about different things say for the most part that men and women can have the same rights without it being detrimental to the other. A study done on what people born between 1940 and 1990 thought showed that 64% of men thought that women were good in their role of being a housewife, even more surprising is that 50% of women thought the same. However, these figures are quite different for those born between 1994 and 2000

Life as a couple

In a couple several things are to be taken into account especially if you have for ambition to succeed it is necessary that certain elements enter in account. This can range from mutual respect to sharing expenses, however not everyone agrees with this last point. According to institutions such as the UN, which on the legislation on equal rights and responsibilities in marriage said word for word that “Spouses must have equal rights in the joint management of the couple’s property. Moreover, they must have the right to be joint owners of the main property, especially the land and the home, which can only be mortgaged, rented or sold with the consent of both spouses”. It is obvious that with this text, we can say that both parties have the same rights. But what do you think?

Equality of rights and responsibilities in marriage (endvawnow.org)

Equality or complementarity

Another debate of this generation that does not want to put down the woman, uses another term: complementarity. Let’s first understand what this word means. According to the Larousse dictionary, here is what the definition says in a simplified way: it is simply what completes each other. In our case here, which is that of the woman and the man, we can easily say that complementarity is what even should be in a home. But what does this mean?

Does it mean that the tasks of the house should be divided equally between the woman and her half?

It is this kind of question that makes some people go back on their words and say for example that: the man has the duty to take care of his family since he is the head of the family. But when can we really talk about complementarity?

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