It is one of the founding institutions of our societies: marriage. But it is also, depending on the case, a dangerous step or a vector of success on a life scale. To avoid danger and to welcome success in marriage, it is necessary to prepare it well. From a health perspective, there is a battery of tests that need to be done to ensure that the alliance works.
STIs are an important issue, get tested
STIs can be contracted through means other than sexual intercourse. HIV, for example, can be contracted through contact with a dirty sharp object or through heredity. The form of testing will depend on the suspected infection. It may involve taking blood or performing a clinical examination of the genitals. It may even involve a simple local swab with a cotton swab. In general, this type of examination does not involve pain. Also, the results are quite quick.
Sexually transmitted infections can make you reconsider your choice of marriage. This is not about trusting your future spouse. It is about making an informed decision. It is also about starting treatment in time for many sexually transmitted diseases. Beyond the taboos that they may constitute, most are quite treatable. They are only a problem to the extent that they are ignored. STIs include
Hemoglobin electrophoresis, to know one’s status regarding sickle cell disease
What it is
Sickle cell disease is a disease that affects hemoglobin, the main protein in red blood cells. This disease causes a deformation of the blood cells, resulting in all kinds of health problems. These concerns include, for example, anemia or joint pain. It is a hereditary disease. This means that the patient carries this disease all his/her life.
To put it simply, each parent has the ability to give a gene to the unborn child. A gene coding for hemoglobin types A or S. When the child receives genes coding for hemoglobin S from both parents, it will get the disease. If he receives only one, he will carry the gene but will be healthy.
Hemoglobin electrophoresis allows each parent to know his or her status. This is before entering into a marriage or thinking about having children. The case where the two partners are incompatible with regard to the electrophoresis test is a distressing case. According to most opinions, there are only two options: to separate or not to have children. For now, sickle cell disease remains an incurable disease. You can find testimonials from people living with sickle cell disease on the notaloneinsicklecell.com website.
Screening for toxoplasmosis or rubella
These diseases are rather benign and can be treated without much concern. This is true in the case of adults whose immune system is efficient. They can therefore be problematic for HIV-AIDS patients or pregnant women.
In the case of rubella, the disease attacks the respiratory tract and causes a rash on the face. This rash will later spread to the chest. In the case that interests us, the case of the pregnant woman, the child is put at risk. The risk is among others, congenital deformities.
Toxoplasmosis is also a rather benign disease for most adults. It manifests itself by symptoms resembling those of the flu. But of course, here too, care must be taken in the case of pregnant women. Women with toxoplasmosis, even if asymptomatic, have a 30% chance of passing it on to their children. This condition can cause a miscarriage. In rarer cases, the child can be born with various diseases.
Serology for rubella and toxoplasmosis can prevent all these conditions. It is also important to be vaccinated against chickenpox at least three months before pregnancy. It presents risks such as the lack of oxygen for the child in case of complication.
Blood grouping; a look at rhesus incompatibility?
In most health centers, at the beginning of a pregnancy, a rhesus compatibility test is performed. If necessary, a simple injection can be given to resolve any related problems.
There are molecules on the surface of blood cells. An individual with these D antigen molecules on the surface of his or her red blood cells has a positive blood group. Otherwise, the blood type is negative. Only women with a negative rhesus can have a rhesus incompatibility.
A child with a rhesus-negative mother and a rhesus-positive father has a 50/50 chance of being rhesus-positive. In this case, at birth, if their blood meets, the mother can make anti-rhesus antibodies. These antibodies can attack the blood cells of the fetus, causing its death. This does not usually happen at the first birth. Nevertheless, it is important to be vaccinated as soon as possible.
These tests are all the more important as they are the guarantee of the good health of the future family that we create.