About 15 million babies are born prematurely each year. It is the first cause of infant mortality in the world. Africa and South Asia alone account for the highest number of premature births ever recorded. And we all have a sister, a friend, an aunt, or someone close to us who has lived through this traumatic experience. It is quite legitimate that you are looking for answers to avoid having to experience this as a future mother. Here you will find answers to your concerns.
Before getting into the heart of the matter, we would like to outline with you some of the key aspects related to this phenomenon.
I-Some information on preterm births
What is prematurity?
According to the WHO, a baby is considered to be premature if it is born before 37 weeks of amenorrhea or SA (i.e., the ninth month of pregnancy of the mother-to-be). Furthermore, there are three levels of prematurity.
- The different stages of prematurity
- Average prematurity for a birth occurring between 33 SA and 36 SA + 6 days (7 to 8 months of pregnancy);
- Extreme prematurity for a birth between 28 and 32 SA + 6 days (6 to 7 months of pregnancy);
- Very premature for a birth occurring before 28 SA (6 months of pregnancy).
The risks of complications are even higher for very premature and very premature babies.
II- Related factors on preterm births
The factors have been categorized as follows: natural causes and risk factors Natural causes:
● Genitourinary or generalized infections.
● Maternal diabetes
● High blood pressure
● Abnormalities of the uterus and placenta
● Age of the woman: women younger than 17 and those older than 40 are more likely to deliver prematurely.
● A multiple pregnancy (in the case of twins).
● Those with low pre-pregnancy weight and multiple abortions
● Consumption of tobacco and liquor during pregnancy
● Difficult (professional) working conditions
The bulk of preterm births occur spontaneously, most often due to labor that is naturally induced by early contractions or premature rupture of the membranes, but in some cases the cause is not known. However, some of these births are induced, i.e., delivery is induced if there is any danger to the mother or the baby.
III-What can be done to prevent preterm births?
Simple actions can help you prevent this phenomenon:
● Avoid alcohol and drug use
● Watch your diet
● Minimize as much as possible your various labors during pregnancy
● During pregnancy restrict as much as possible your sexual relations with your partner in order to avoid.
The most effective means of prevention remains to privilege consultations (at least 8 consultations with your attending physician) and antenatal care.
It is very common for parents to be shocked by such an event. Several emotions can be felt. For example, stress occurs when parents realize that nothing is going as they had planned. Get a family member, friend or even a specialist to help you deal with the turmoil. Because you, your husband and your baby will need it. And to make a closing remark
“NICU babies are true survivors. They show us the power of faith and prayer and of the human spirit. They are the embodiment of perseverance.” – Amidst the Chaos, Sara Bareilles